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Penalties

 CONVICTION          FINE[1]                              MAXIMUM JAIL                     LICENSE ACTION[2] AND REQUIREMENTS

 

 

ALCOHOL/DRUG RELATED VIOLATIONS

·         Driving While Intoxicated (VTL §1192(3))

·         Driving w/a BAC of .08 or more (VTL §1192(2))

·         Driving While Ability Impaired By A Drug (VTL§1192(4))

·         Driving While Ability Impaired  by Combined Alcohol and Drugs (VTL §1192 (4-a))

 

 

1st Offense

(Misdemeanor)

$500 - $1,000

1 year

Revoked for at least 6 months

Ignition Interlock[3]

2nd Offense

(within 10 years)

Class

E

(class E felony)

$1,000 - $5,000

4 years

Revoked for at least 1 year

Ignition Interlock

Class E Felony

 

 

 

3rd Offense

$2,000 - $10,000

7 years

Revoked for at least 1 year

(within 10 years)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ignition Interlock

 

 

Class D Felony

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  

4th Offense (within 15 years) Class D Felony

$2,000 - $10,000

7 years

Revoked for at least 18 mos. Ignition Interlock

 

 

AGGRAVATED DRIVING WHILE INTOXICATED:  HIGH BAC

·         Aggravated DWI (Driving w/a BAC of .18 or more) (VTL §1192(2-a)(a))

 

 

1st Offense

(Misdemeanor)

$1,000 – $2,500

1 year

Revoked for at least 1 year

Ignition Interlock

2nd Offense (within 10 years) Class E Felony

$1,000 - $5,000

4 years

Revoked for at least 18 mos. Ignition Interlock

3rd Offense (within 10 years) Class D Felony

$2,000 - $10,000

7 years

Revoked for at least 18 mos. Ignition Interlock

4th Offense (within 15 years) Class D Felony

$2,000 - $10,000

7 years

Revoked for at least 18 mos. Ignition Interlock


 

 

 

Penalties

CONVICTION                FINE ONLY                      MAXIMUM JAIL         LICENSE ACTION AND REQUIREMENTS

 

 

AGGRAVATED DWI: WITH A CHILD  [Child Passenger Protection Act –“ Leandra’s Law”]

·         DWI/ 0.08+/Impaired by Drugs /or Combined Alc./drugs w/child 15 or younger (§1192(2–a)(b))

 

1st Offense                           $1,000 – $2,500             4 year                              Revoked for at least 1 year

Class E Felony)                                                                                                        Ignition Interlock

 

2nd Offense                          $2,000 - $10,000           7 years                            Revoked for at least 18 mos.

(within 10 years)                                                                                                      Ignition Interlock

Class D Felony)                                                                                                       

 

DRIVING WHILE ABILITY IMPAIRED

·         Driving While Ability Impaired by Alcohol (DWAI)  (BAC: .05 up to .07 BAC) (VTL §1192(1))

 

1st Offense                           $300 - $500                    15 days                           Suspended for 90 days

Traffic Infraction

 

2nd Offense

(within 5 years)                    $500 - $750                    30 days                           Revoked for at least 6 months

Traffic Infraction

 

 

ZERO TOLERANCE LAW

·         Driver less than 21 years (BAC: .02 - .07) (VTL §1192-a)

 

1st Offense                           $125 civil penalty          None                               Suspended for 6 months

(Administrative)                                                                                                       $100 suspension termination fee

 

2nd Offense                          $125 civil penalty          None                               Revoked for 1 year or until age 21 (Administrative)                                                                                                       $100 reapplication fee

 

CHEMICAL TEST REFUSAL (VTL §1194)

 

1st Offense                           $500                                                                          Revoked for 1 year

 

2nd Offense                          $750                                                                          Revoked for 18 months

(within 5 years)

 

Zero Tolerance                     $300                                                                           Revoked for 1 year

 

Zero Tolerance                     $750                                                                           Revoked for 1 year

2nd offense

 

 


[1] This is the statutory fine only.  In addition, the State imposes 3 mandatory surcharges and a crime victim fee ranging in total from $260 for traffic infractions, $400 for misdemeanors and $520 for felonies.  The DMV also collects a $750 dangerous driver assessment.

[2] License suspensions have a fixed period after which the license is returned.  Minimum license revocations are set by statute, but the DMV determines, based on its regulations, when an offender is actually eligible to reapply for a license.  Based on certain criteria, the revocation period can be considerably longer than the minimum.  State law and DMV regulations both provide for permanent revocation of a license for persistent offenders.

[3] The ignition interlock device (or IID) detects the presence of alcohol.  The requirement that it be installed as part of a penalty will apply only in cases involving alcohol, either alone or in combination with drugs.